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Title: Ain't sure who to blame: Metacognitive influences on appraisal-emotion processes
Authors: Tong, E.M.W. 
Teo, A.Q.H.
Chia, D.Y.S.
Keywords: Anger
Issue Date: 19-Mar-2014
Citation: Tong, E.M.W., Teo, A.Q.H., Chia, D.Y.S. (2014-03-19). Ain't sure who to blame: Metacognitive influences on appraisal-emotion processes. Motivation and Emotion. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In this research, we propose that emotions are affected not only by appraisals, but also by a metacognitive sense of confidence versus doubt over the appraisals. Focusing on core-relational themes (CRTs), higher-order appraisals comprising the combined meaning of several appraisals, we predicted and found evidence, over two studies, that the effect of a CRT on the corresponding emotion is stronger if one feels confident about the validity of the CRT compared to feeling doubtful. In Study 1, CRT was manipulated by recall and in Study 2, CRT was manipulated in vivo. Both designs produced consistent support for the hypotheses. These findings demonstrate the need to consider metacognitive processes in understanding the effects of appraisals on emotions. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Source Title: Motivation and Emotion
ISSN: 01467239
DOI: 10.1007/s11031-014-9405-6
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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