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Title: Optical properties of a vibrationally modulated solid state Mott insulator
Authors: Kaiser, S.
Clark, S.R. 
Nicoletti, D.
Cotugno, G.
Tobey, R.I.
Dean, N.
Lupi, S.
Okamoto, H.
Hasegawa, T.
Jaksch, D. 
Cavalleri, A.
Issue Date: 22-Jan-2014
Citation: Kaiser, S., Clark, S.R., Nicoletti, D., Cotugno, G., Tobey, R.I., Dean, N., Lupi, S., Okamoto, H., Hasegawa, T., Jaksch, D., Cavalleri, A. (2014-01-22). Optical properties of a vibrationally modulated solid state Mott insulator. Scientific Reports 4 : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Optical pulses at THz and mid-infrared frequencies tuned to specific vibrational resonances modulate the lattice along chosen normal mode coordinates. In this way, solids can be switched between competing electronic phases and new states are created. Here, we use vibrational modulation to make electronic interactions (Hubbard-U) in Mott-insulator time dependent. Mid-infrared optical pulses excite localized molecular vibrations in ET-F 2 TCNQ, a prototypical one-dimensional Mott-insulator. A broadband ultrafast probe interrogates the resulting optical spectrum between THz and visible frequencies. A red-shifted charge-transfer resonance is observed, consistent with a time-averaged reduction of the electronic correlation strength U. Secondly, a sideband manifold inside of the Mott-gap appears, resulting from a periodically modulated U. The response is compared to computations based on a quantum-modulated dynamic Hubbard model. Heuristic fitting suggests asymmetric holon-doublon coupling to the molecules and that electron double-occupancies strongly squeeze the vibrational mode.
Source Title: Scientific Reports
ISSN: 20452322
DOI: 10.1038/srep03823
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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