Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1006/viro.1995.1053
Title: Oct-1 activates the epithelial-specific enhancer of human papillomavirus type 16 via a synergistic interaction with NFI at a conserved composite regulatory element
Authors: O'Connor, M. 
Bernard, H.-U. 
Issue Date: 1995
Citation: O'Connor, M., Bernard, H.-U. (1995). Oct-1 activates the epithelial-specific enhancer of human papillomavirus type 16 via a synergistic interaction with NFI at a conserved composite regulatory element. Virology 207 (1) : 77-88. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1006/viro.1995.1053
Abstract: A highly conserved composite regulatory element in the epithelial-specific enhancer of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) consists of an octamer motif separated by exactly 2 bp from a nonpalindromic NFI site. Point mutations within this composite element, created to prevent the binding of Oct-1 or NFI, result in up to a 10- to 12-fold decrease in enhancer activity. A mutation preventing the binding of both proteins does not, however, result in any further decrease in activity suggesting a cooperative interaction between these two factors. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays provide evidence that the simultaneous binding of both factors to the composite element is indeed required for efficient activation. Furthermore, evidence demonstrating the inability of Oct-1 by itself to elicit a transcriptional response from this enhancer position suggests that Oct-1 does not activate transcription directly, but rather may play a crucial role in the viral enhancer by tethering NFI to the composite element. This finding represents both a potentially important mechanism by which HPV gene expression can be regulated and an interesting model for the study of transcriptional cooperativity.
Source Title: Virology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/112004
ISSN: 00426822
DOI: 10.1006/viro.1995.1053
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