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Title: Biochemical abnormalities of the medial temporal lobe and medial prefrontal cortex in late-life depression
Authors: Venkatraman, T.N.
Krishnan, R.R. 
Steffens, D.C.
Song, A.W.
Taylor, W.D.
Keywords: Geriatrics
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Metabolite concentration
Prefrontal cortex
Temporal lobe
Issue Date: 30-Apr-2009
Citation: Venkatraman, T.N., Krishnan, R.R., Steffens, D.C., Song, A.W., Taylor, W.D. (2009-04-30). Biochemical abnormalities of the medial temporal lobe and medial prefrontal cortex in late-life depression. Psychiatry Research - Neuroimaging 172 (1) : 49-54. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We utilized single-voxel 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to investigate biochemical abnormalities related to late-life depression in the medial prefrontal cortex and medial temporal lobe. Fourteen elderly subjects whose depression responded to treatment and 12 nondepressed subjects were enrolled. Subjects were scanned using a GE 3.0 Tesla whole body MR scanner. Metabolite concentrations were quantified using the LC Model software and adjusted for CSF and ratio of gray to white matter. ANCOVA models tested for group differences while controlling for age and sex. Older previously depressed individuals showed significantly reduced concentrations of total N-acetyl aspartate (NAA), choline, and creatine in the prefrontal cortex and significantly elevated left medial temporal lobe concentrations of NAA and myo-inositol. There were no significant group differences in right temporal metabolite concentrations. The prefrontal cortex observations suggest that reduced neuronal, phospolipid, and energy metabolism is present even in clinically improved depression. In contrast, elevated NAA and myo-inositol concentrations in the left medial temporal lobe could be associated with neuronal and glial cell changes in the amygdala. © 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Psychiatry Research - Neuroimaging
ISSN: 09254927
DOI: 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2008.07.001
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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