Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042935
Title: Taurine induces proliferation of neural stem cells and synapse development in the developing mouse brain
Authors: Shivaraj, M.C.
Marcy, G. 
Low, G.
Ryu, J.R.
Zhao, X.
Rosales, F.J.
Goh, E.L.K. 
Issue Date: 20-Aug-2012
Citation: Shivaraj, M.C., Marcy, G., Low, G., Ryu, J.R., Zhao, X., Rosales, F.J., Goh, E.L.K. (2012-08-20). Taurine induces proliferation of neural stem cells and synapse development in the developing mouse brain. PLoS ONE 7 (8) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042935
Abstract: Taurine is a sulfur-containing amino acid present in high concentrations in mammalian tissues. It has been implicated in several processes involving brain development and neurotransmission. However, the role of taurine in hippocampal neurogenesis during brain development is still unknown. Here we show that taurine regulates neural progenitor cell (NPC) proliferation in the dentate gyrus of the developing brain as well as in cultured early postnatal (P5) hippocampal progenitor cells and hippocampal slices derived from P5 mice brains. Taurine increased cell proliferation without having a significant effect on neural differentiation both in cultured P5 NPCs as well as cultured hippocampal slices and in vivo. Expression level analysis of synaptic proteins revealed that taurine increases the expression of Synapsin 1 and PSD 95. We also found that taurine stimulates the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 indicating a possible role of the ERK pathway in mediating the changes that we observed, especially in proliferation. Taken together, our results demonstrate a role for taurine in neural stem/progenitor cell proliferation in developing brain and suggest the involvement of the ERK1/2 pathways in mediating these actions. Our study also shows that taurine influences the levels of proteins associated with synapse development. This is the first evidence showing the effect of taurine on early postnatal neuronal development using a combination of in vitro, ex-vivo and in vivo systems. © 2012 Shivaraj et al.
Source Title: PLoS ONE
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/110296
ISSN: 19326203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042935
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