Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.108803.110
Title: Epigenetic suppression of the TGF-beta pathway revealed by transcriptome profiling in ovarian cancer
Authors: Matsumura, N.
Huang, Z.
Mori, S. 
Baba, T.
Fujii, S.
Konishi, I.
Iversen, E.S.
Berchuck, A.
Murphy, S.K.
Issue Date: Jan-2011
Citation: Matsumura, N., Huang, Z., Mori, S., Baba, T., Fujii, S., Konishi, I., Iversen, E.S., Berchuck, A., Murphy, S.K. (2011-01). Epigenetic suppression of the TGF-beta pathway revealed by transcriptome profiling in ovarian cancer. Genome Research 21 (1) : 74-82. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.108803.110
Abstract: Epithelial ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death among gynecologic malignancies. Diagnosis usually occurs after metastatic spread, largely reflecting vague symptoms of early disease combined with lack of an effective screening strategy. Epigenetic mechanisms of gene regulation, including DNA methylation, are fundamental to normal cellular function and also play a major role in carcinogenesis. To elucidate the biological and clinical relevance of DNA methylation in ovarian cancer, we conducted expression microarray analysis of 39 cell lines and 17 primary culture specimens grown in the presence or absence of DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) inhibitors. Two parameters, induction of expression and standard deviation among untreated samples, identified 378 candidate methylated genes, many relevant to TGF-beta signaling. We analyzed 43 of these genes and they all exhibited methylation. Treatment with DNMT inhibitors increased TGF-beta pathway activity. Hierarchical clustering of ovarian cancers using the 378 genes reproducibly generated a distinct gene cluster strongly correlated with TGF-beta pathway activity that discriminates patients based on age. These data suggest that accumulation of age-related epigenetic modifications leads to suppression of TGF-beta signaling and contributes to ovarian carcinogenesis. © 2011 by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.
Source Title: Genome Research
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/109327
ISSN: 10889051
DOI: 10.1101/gr.108803.110
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