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Title: Activation of corticotropin-releasing factor 2 receptor inhibits Purkinje neuron P-type calcium currents via Goα-dependent PKC epsilon pathway
Authors: Tao, J. 
Zhang, Y.
Huang, H.
Jiang, X.
Keywords: Corticotropin-releasing factor receptor
P-type calcium channels
Purkinje neuron
Issue Date: Sep-2009
Citation: Tao, J., Zhang, Y., Huang, H., Jiang, X. (2009-09). Activation of corticotropin-releasing factor 2 receptor inhibits Purkinje neuron P-type calcium currents via Goα-dependent PKC epsilon pathway. Cellular Signalling 21 (9) : 1436-1443. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptors have been demonstrated to be widely expressed in the central nervous system and in many peripheral tissues of mammalians. However, it is still unknown whether CRF receptors will function in cerebellar Purkinje neurons. In the present study, we investigated the expression profile of CRF receptors in rat cerebellum and identified a novel functional role of CRFR2 in modulating Purkinje neuron P-type Ca2+ currents (P-currents). We found that CRFR2α mRNA, but not CRFR1 and CRFR2β, was endogenously expressed in rat cerebellum. Activation of CRFR2 by UCN2 inhibited P-currents in a concentration-dependent manner (IC50 ~ 0.07 μM). This inhibitory effect was abolished by astressin2B, a CRFR2 antagonist, and was blocked by GDP-β-S, pertussis toxin, or a selective antibody raised against the Goα. Inhibition of phospholipase C (PLC) blocked the inhibitory action of UCN2. The application of diacylglycerol (DAG) antagonist, 1-hexadecyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol, as well as inhibition of either protein kinase C or its epsilon isoform (PKCε) abolished the UCN2 effect while 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (EI-150), a membrane-permeable DAG analogue, occluded UCN2-mediated inhibition. In addition, UCN2 significantly increases spontaneous firing frequency of Purkinje neurons in cerebellar slices. In summary, activation of CRFR2 inhibits P-currents in Purkinje neurons via Goα-dependent PLC/PKCε pathway, which might contribute to its physiological functions in the cerebellum. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Cellular Signalling
ISSN: 08986568
DOI: 10.1016/j.cellsig.2009.05.002
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