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Title: Nanosized ethosomes bearing ketoprofen for improved transdermal delivery
Authors: Chourasia, M.K.
Kang, L. 
Chan, S.Y. 
Keywords: Confocal microscopy
In vitro skin permeation
Transdermal delivery
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: Chourasia, M.K.,Kang, L.,Chan, S.Y. (2011). Nanosized ethosomes bearing ketoprofen for improved transdermal delivery. Results in Pharma Sciences 1 (1) : 60-67. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The potential of ethosomes for delivering ketoprofen via skin was evaluated. The ethosomes were prepared, optimized and characterized. Vesicular shape, size and entrapment efficiency were determined by transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering and minicolumn centrifugation technique, respectively. Vesicle sizes varied from 120.3 7 6.1 to 410.2721.8 nm depending on the concentrations of soya phosphatidyl choline (SPC) and ethanol. Entrapment efficiency increased with concentrations of SPC and ethanol. The formulations exhibited entrapment efficiencies of 42-78%. In vitro release through cellophane membrane showed sustained release of drug from ethosomal formulations in contrast to hydroalcoholic drug solution (HA), which released most of the drug within 2-3 h. In vitro drug permeation across human skin revealed improved drug permeation and higher transdermal flux with ethosomal formulations compared to hydroethanolic drug solution. Kinetics of in vitro skin permeation showed zero order drug release from formulations. Based on in vitro transdermal flux, the estimated steady state in vivo plasma concentration from ethosomes attained therapeutic drug levels whereas hydroalcoholic drug solution exhibited sub therapeutic drug concentration with a patch size of 50 cm 2. Skin permeation of ethosomal formulations assessed by confocal microscopy revealed enhanced permeation of Rhodamine 123 loaded formulation in comparison to the hydroalcoholic solution. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Results in Pharma Sciences
ISSN: 22112863
DOI: 10.1016/j.rinphs.2011.10.002
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