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Title: Importance of reservoirs for the conservation of freshwater molluscs in a tropical urban landscape
Authors: Clements, R. 
Koh, L.P.
Lee, T.M.
Meier, R. 
Li, D. 
Keywords: Conservation
Southeast Asia
Issue Date: Feb-2006
Citation: Clements, R., Koh, L.P., Lee, T.M., Meier, R., Li, D. (2006-02). Importance of reservoirs for the conservation of freshwater molluscs in a tropical urban landscape. Biological Conservation 128 (1) : 136-146. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Freshwater species and ecosystems are gravely imperiled, particularly within urban landscapes of tropical Asia. In one of the region's most urbanized landscapes (i.e., Singapore), we determined: (1) the importance of six different habitats (i.e., catchment reservoirs, estuarine reservoirs, forest streams, rural streams, ponds and monsoon canals) for conserving the diversity of freshwater molluscs; (2) key environmental factors (e.g., pH) affecting molluscan distribution; (3) important biogeographical determinants (e.g., area) of molluscan richness within each habitat; and (4) the habitat affinities of introduced species. High sampling saturation was achieved at most study habitats with minimal sampling effort, suggesting that the utilization of molluscs as bioindicators can expedite freshwater conservation initiatives. Estuarine reservoirs (6.0 ± 2.0) had the highest molluscan richness, vis-à-vis catchment reservoirs, forest streams, rural streams, ponds and monsoon canals (3.0 ± 1.5; 0; 3.3 ± 2.0; 1.8 ± 0.5 and 3.5 ± 0.5 respectively). Both reservoir types possessed species compositions distinct from other habitats and contained majority (76%) of the sampled species. Reservoirs therefore serve to conserve the bulk of local freshwater malacofauna, especially if they are maintained at near-neutral pH levels (i.e., ∼7.3) and contain large substrates (i.e., rocks). Area was the best predictor of molluscan richness across all habitats, implying that larger freshwater habitats require higher conservation priorities than smaller ones. Introduced (non-native) species (e.g., Pomacea canaliculata) had high affinities for reservoirs, which are in need of monitoring to curb population expansions. The interminable growth of human settlements urgently requires a reconciliatory approach, which includes the ecologically-sound design and management of modified habitats to complement reserves in sustaining native freshwater species. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Biological Conservation
ISSN: 00063207
DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2005.09.023
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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