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Title: Differential mechanisms to induce dehydration tolerance by abscisic acid and sucrose in Spathoglottis plicata (Orchidaceae) protocorms
Authors: Wang, X.-J.
Loh, C.-S. 
Yeoh, H.-H. 
Sun, W.Q. 
Keywords: Dehydrin
Desiccation tolerance
Drying rate
Osmotic adjustment
Water stress
Issue Date: 1-May-2003
Citation: Wang, X.-J., Loh, C.-S., Yeoh, H.-H., Sun, W.Q. (2003-05-01). Differential mechanisms to induce dehydration tolerance by abscisic acid and sucrose in Spathoglottis plicata (Orchidaceae) protocorms. Plant, Cell and Environment 26 (5) : 737-744. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Abscisic acid (ABA) and sucrose are known to induce dehydration tolerance of in vitro plant cells and tissues. The present study reports the presence of different mechanisms by which sucrose and ABA improve dehydration tolerance of Spathoglottis plicata (orchid) protocorms. Orchid protocorms were generated aseptically from seeds on Murashig and Skoog medium, and then treated for 7 d in medium containing 10 mg L-1 ABA and/or 10% (w/v) sucrose. Dehydration tolerance of protocorms was determined at ∼25°C under various drying conditions at relative humidity from 7 to 93%. The actual rate of water loss (i.e. drying rate) was determined using the rate constant of tissue water loss during drying according to the first-order kinetics. Drying rate affected dehydration tolerance. ABA treatment reduced drying rate and increased dehydration tolerance of protocorms at all relative humidity values tested. However, when compared on the basis of actual drying rates, there was no difference in dehydration tolerance between control and ABA-treated protocorms, suggesting that ABA-induced tolerance was correlated with the drying rate reduction. Sucrose treatment was more effective than ABA treatment for the induction of dehydration tolerance. Interestingly, sucrose only slightly affected drying rate. ABA treatment significantly enhanced the synthesis of dehydrin, whereas sucrose treatment primarily resulted in sucrose accumulation. Sucrose treatment also affected protein turnover during drying, causing a significant decrease in protein content in protocorms. Slow drying promoted the degradation of high molecular weight proteins and enhanced the synthesis of low molecular weight dehydrin. The data suggest that different physiological mechanisms are probably involved in the induction of dehydration tolerance by ABA and sucrose treatment.
Source Title: Plant, Cell and Environment
ISSN: 01407791
DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-3040.2003.01010.x
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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