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|Title:||Dielectric relaxation of water and water-plasticized biomolecules in relation to cellular water organization, cytoplasmic viscosity, and desiccation tolerance in recalcitrant seed tissues||Authors:||Sun, W.Q.||Issue Date:||2000||Citation:||Sun, W.Q. (2000). Dielectric relaxation of water and water-plasticized biomolecules in relation to cellular water organization, cytoplasmic viscosity, and desiccation tolerance in recalcitrant seed tissues. Plant Physiology 124 (3) : 1203-1215. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.||Abstract:||To understand the relationship between the organization of cellular water, molecular interactions, and desiccation tolerance, dielectric behaviors of water and water-plasticized biomolecules in red oak (Quercus rubra) seeds were studied during dehydration. The thermally stimulated current study showed three dielectric dispersions: (a) the relaxation of loosely-bound water and small polar groups, (b) the relaxation of tightly-bound water, carbohydrate chains, large polar groups of macromolecules, and (c) the 'freezing in' of molecular mobility (glassy state). Seven discrete hydration levels (water contents of 1.40, 0.55, 0.41, 0.31, 0.21, 0.13, and 0.08 g/g dry weight, corresponding to -1.5, -8, -11, -14, -24, -74, and -195 MPa, respectively) were identified according to the changes in thermodynamic and dielectric properties of water and water-plasticized biomolecules during dehydration. The implications of intracellular water organization for desiccation tolerance were discussed. Cytoplasmic viscosity increased exponentially at water content < 0.40 g/g dry weight, which was correlated with the great relaxation slowdown of water-plasticized biomolecules, supporting a role for viscosity in metabolic shutdown during dehydration.||Source Title:||Plant Physiology||URI:||http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/100450||ISSN:||00320889|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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