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Title: In-situ nanoscale mapping of surface potential in all-solid-state thin film Li-ion battery using Kelvin probe force microscopy
Authors: Zhu, J.
Zeng, K. 
Lu, L. 
Issue Date: 15-Mar-2012
Citation: Zhu, J., Zeng, K., Lu, L. (2012-03-15). In-situ nanoscale mapping of surface potential in all-solid-state thin film Li-ion battery using Kelvin probe force microscopy. Journal of Applied Physics 111 (6) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper presents an in-situ study by combining contact dc-writing in biased scanning probe microscopy and non-contact Kelvin probe force microscopy to characterize the effect of bias-induced Li insertion/extraction on the changes of surface potential of TiO 2 anode in an all-solid-state thin film Li-ion battery at nanoscale. With single layer TiO 2 film as the reference, the factors affecting the changes of the surface potential, including the Fermi energy level shift and charge screening related to TiO 2 semiconductor behavior, and bias-induced Li intercalation/ de-intercalation related to battery behavior are investigated. Surface potential hysteresis loop can be formed for TiO 2 anode film, in which the potential value increases under the positive polarization and decreases under the negative polarization. In addition, TiO 2 anode film after Li insertion/extraction cycles has a lower surface potential, indicating the decrease of charge sustaining capacity and the surface electrical degradation. In addition, surface potential barriers (pits) after the positive (negative) polarization have been also observed, which is mainly attributed to the different electrical properties and charge accumulation at grain boundaries. © 2012 American Institute of Physics.
Source Title: Journal of Applied Physics
ISSN: 00218979
DOI: 10.1063/1.3699214
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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