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Title: Nanosized hydroxyapatite powders from microemulsions and emulsions stabilized by a biodegradable surfactant
Authors: Lim, G.K.
Wang, J. 
Ng, S.C. 
Gan, L.M. 
Issue Date: 1999
Citation: Lim, G.K., Wang, J., Ng, S.C., Gan, L.M. (1999). Nanosized hydroxyapatite powders from microemulsions and emulsions stabilized by a biodegradable surfactant. Journal of Materials Chemistry 9 (7) : 1635-1639. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Ultrafine hydroxyapatite powders have been successfully synthesized in inverse microemulsions and emulsions consisting of petroleum ether as the oil phase, 1.0 M CaCl2 solution as the aqueous phase and biodegradable KB6ZA as the surfactant. The titration of 0.6 M (NH4)2HPO4 aqueous solution into the inverse microemulsion and emulsions containing 25.0 and 35.0 wt% aqueous phase, resulted in hydroxyapatite precursors that were nanometer sized and more or less spherical in morphology. However, they underwent a considerable degree of particle coarsening when calcined at 650 °C for 6 h. A nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite powder, which exhibited a dendritic agglomerate morphology, was synthesized in an oil-in-water emulsion containing 90.0 wt% aqueous phase. It shows an average particle size of 25 nm upon calcination at 650 °C for 6 h, as little particle coarsening and growth in crystallite size were observed at the calcination temperature. The inverse microemulsion- and emulsion-derived hydroxyapatites exhibit a degree of type B carbonate substitution, which cannot be eliminated by calcination in air at 650 °C.
Source Title: Journal of Materials Chemistry
ISSN: 09599428
DOI: 10.1039/a809644i
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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