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Title: Desalination of seawater: An experiment with RO membranes
Authors: Hawlader, M.N.A. 
Ho, J.C. 
Teng, C.K.
Keywords: Desalination
Hollow fibre and spiral wound permeators
Permeators performance
Reverse osmosis
Issue Date: 20-Dec-2000
Citation: Hawlader, M.N.A.,Ho, J.C.,Teng, C.K. (2000-12-20). Desalination of seawater: An experiment with RO membranes. Desalination 132 (1-3) : 275-280. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Effects of feed water concentration, temperature, pressure and flow rate on membrane performance are examined using a reverse osmosis (RO) system with a product capacity of about 5 m3/d. Performance charac-teristics of Hollow Fibre and Spiral Wound permeators, connected in parallel to the feed water system, are also evaluated Experiments were conducted using salt (NaCl) solution of known concentration. Flow rates and concentrations of product and reject waters were closely monitored during the experiments. Product recovery is found to increase with feed water temperature and pressure, but decrease with increasing feed water concentration and flow rate. Salt passage increases with feed water temperature and concentration, but decreases with increasing feed water pressure and flow rate. Although hollow fibre and spiral wound permeators have different physical configurations, both react similarly, though with slightly different degrees, to the changes in experimental conditions. Notably different is their respective product recovery and salt passage, which can be qualified by the different morphological characteristics of the two membranes. Under identical feed conditions, product recovery of hollow fibre varies from 12%-30%, while that of spiral wound varies from 6%-18%. Degradation analysis is inconclusive since it is likely that membrane operation has not stabilized after only 100 h of operation. © 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Desalination
ISSN: 00119164
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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