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Title: Preparation and characterization of temperature-sensitive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-b-poly(D,L-lactide) microspheres for protein delivery
Authors: Liu, S.-Q. 
Yang, Y.-Y.
Liu, X.-M.
Tong, Y.-W. 
Issue Date: Nov-2003
Citation: Liu, S.-Q., Yang, Y.-Y., Liu, X.-M., Tong, Y.-W. (2003-11). Preparation and characterization of temperature-sensitive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-b-poly(D,L-lactide) microspheres for protein delivery. Biomacromolecules 4 (6) : 1784-1793. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Temperature-sensitive diblock copolymers, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-b-poly(D,L-lactide) (PNIPAAm-b-PLA) with different PNIPAAm contents were synthesized and utilized to fabricate microspheres containing bovine serum albumin (BSA, as a model protein) by a water-in-oil-in-water double emulsion solvent evaporation process. XPS analysis showed that PNIPAAm was a dominant component of the microspheres surface. BSA was well entrapped within the microspheres, and more than 90% encapsulation efficiency was achieved. The in vitro degradation behavior of microspheres was investigated using SEM, NMR, FTIR, and GPC. It was found that the microspheres were erodible, and polymer degradation occurred in the PLA block. Degradation of PLA was completed after 5 months incubation in PBS (pH 7.4) at 37 °C. A PVA concentration of 0.2% (w/v) in the internal aqueous phase yielded the microspheres with an interconnected porous structure, resulting in fast matrix erosion and sustained BSA release. However, 0.05% PVA produced the microspheres with a multivesicular internal structure wrapped with a dense skin layer, resulting in lower erosion rate and a biphasic release pattern of BSA that was characterized with an initial burst followed by a nonrelease phase. The microspheres made from PNIPAAm-b-PLA with a higher portion of PNIPAAm provided faster BSA release. In addition, BSA release from the microspheres responded to the external temperature changes. BSA release was slower at 37 °C (above the LCST) than at a temperature below the LCST. The microspheres fabricated with PNIPAAm-b-PLA having a 1:5 molar ratio of PNIPAAm to PLA and 0.2% (w/v) PVA in the internal aqueous phase provided a sustained release of BSA over 3 weeks in PBS (pH 7.4) at 37 °C.
Source Title: Biomacromolecules
ISSN: 15257797
DOI: 10.1021/bm034189t
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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