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Title: Investigation of kinetics of 4-methylpentene-1 polymerization using Ziegler-Natta-type catalysts
Authors: Balaji, R.
Kothandaraman, H.
Rajarathnam, D. 
Keywords: Catalysts
Issue Date: 6-Jun-2003
Citation: Balaji, R., Kothandaraman, H., Rajarathnam, D. (2003-06-06). Investigation of kinetics of 4-methylpentene-1 polymerization using Ziegler-Natta-type catalysts. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 88 (10) : 2468-2477. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The kinetics of 4-methylpentene-l (4MP1) polymerization by use of Ziegler-Natta-type catalyst systems, M(acac)3-AlEt3 (M = Cr, Mn, Fe, and Co), are investigated in benzene medium at 40°C. The effect of various parameters such as Al/M ratio, reaction time, aging time, temperature, catalyst, and monomer concentrations on the rate of polymerization and yield are examined. The rate of polymerization increased linearly with increasing monomer concentration with first-order dependence, whereas the rate of polymerization with respect to catalyst concentration is found to be 0.5. For all cases, the polymer yield is maximum at an Al/M ratio of 2. The activation energies obtained from linear Arrhenius plots are in the range of 25.27-33.51 kJ mol-1. It is found that the aging time to give maximum percentage yield of the polymer varies with the catalyst systems. Based on the experimental results, a plausible mechanism is proposed that envisages a free-radical mechanism. Characterization of the resulting polymer product, for all the cases, through FTIR, 1H-NMR, and 13C-NMR studies, showed isomerized polymeric structures with 1,4-structure as dominant. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Applied Polymer Science
ISSN: 00218995
DOI: 10.1002/app.12051
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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