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Title: CO2 reforming of methane to synthesis gas over sol-gel-made Ni/γ-Al2O3 catalysts from organometallic precursors
Authors: Tang, S. 
Ji, L.
Lin, J. 
Zeng, H.C. 
Tan, K.L. 
Li, K.
Keywords: CO2 reforming of methane
Coking resistivity
Sol-gel Ni/γ-Al2O3
Synthesis gas
Issue Date: 10-Sep-2000
Citation: Tang, S., Ji, L., Lin, J., Zeng, H.C., Tan, K.L., Li, K. (2000-09-10). CO2 reforming of methane to synthesis gas over sol-gel-made Ni/γ-Al2O3 catalysts from organometallic precursors. Journal of Catalysis 194 (2) : 424-430. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Considerable interest is being lavished on CO2 reforming of methane to synthesis gas because it yields synthesis gas with a high CO/H2 ratio that is ideal for the synthesis of higher hydrocarbons and oxygenated derivatives. The catalytic activity and coking resistivity of three Ni-based catalysts for CO2 reforming of methane to synthesis gas were investigated in a continuous-flow microreactor under 1 atm. These catalysts were prepared by conventional impregnation of commercial γ-Al2O3 support (NiAlCO-IM), sol-gel-made γ-Al2O3 (NiAlSG-IM), and direct sol-gel processing from organometallic compounds (NiAlsG). The three catalysts had comparable activity but showed considerable variation in coking resistivity. NiAlSG-IM catalyst had excellent coking resistivity with no obvious coke even after 80 hr of reaction on stream, under thermodynamically severe conditions. A little coke deposited on NiAlSG. In comparison, fast and heavy coke deposition was detected on NiAlCO-IM catalyst and the reaction was sustained only about 3.5 hr accompanied with the plugging of reactor. NiAlSG-IM catalyst prepared from organometallic compounds had very high BET surface area and small metallic Ni particles. The small size of metallic Ni particles was a major inhibitor of coke formation. The critical size of Ni particles to inhibit coke deposition was suggested at ~ 10 nm. Prevention of coke formation may also be achieved with γ-Al2O3 support made from sol-gel processing of organometallic precursors.
Source Title: Journal of Catalysis
ISSN: 00219517
DOI: 10.1006/jcat.2000.2957
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