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Title: Hyper-stimulation of monoclonal antibody production by high osmolarity stress in eRDF medium
Authors: Chua, F.K.F. 
Yap, M.G.S. 
Oh, S.K.W. 
Keywords: Amino acid
Antibody productivity
Na+-dependent symport
Issue Date: 15-Nov-1994
Citation: Chua, F.K.F.,Yap, M.G.S.,Oh, S.K.W. (1994-11-15). Hyper-stimulation of monoclonal antibody production by high osmolarity stress in eRDF medium. Journal of Biotechnology 37 (3) : 265-275. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: An earlier study (Chua et al., 1994) showed that hybridoma 2HG11 cultivated in a basal medium called eRDF, which is enriched in amino acids, enabled higher immunoglobulin (Ig) production with and without serum, when compared to two other traditional media RPMI and DMEM/F12. A further enhancement of Ig productivity was achieved when the osmolarity of the culture medium was increased from 300 mOsm to 350 mOsm (Oh et al., 1993). To determine whether the eRDF media was indeed better, three other cell lines, two IgG producers (TB/C3 and I13/17) and an IgM producer (B10), were tested. The results showed that maximum viable cell densities in eRDF medium were up to 3-times higher than in RPMI and maximum Ig titres were 2-8-times higher than in DMEM/F12 and RPMI. The three cell lines were similarly subjected to osmotic increases from 300 mOsm to 350 and 400 mOsm by addition of NaCl. There was an increase in Ig titres of between 30% to 100% compared to the control medium, although cell growth was reduced. Thus, hyper-stimulation by osmolarity stress was found to be generally effective in eliciting higher Ig production; the extent of enhancement being more pronounced for certain cell lines. Other osmolytes such as sucrose and KCl demonstrated similar effects of increasing Ig productivity. Study on the mechanism of action of osmotic stress on hybridoma 2HG11 revealed that hyper-stimulation of Ig productivity was fundamentally related to a greater availability of amino acids to cells as the cells actively accumulated more salt and amino acids to compensate for the higher medium osmolarity. Uptake of the amino acid analogues 14C-aminoisobutyric acid and 3H-methylaminoisobutyric acid into cells increased to 2.34 × 103 cpm per cell per min and 6.35 × 103 cpm per cell per min, respectivley, under osmotic stress. This corresponds to an 85% increase in uptake via the Na+-dependent symport and a 50% increase in uptake via the Na+-independent and Na+-dependent symports. In the 350 mOsm medium, hybridomas also demonstrated an increase in metabolic activities of 5-10% compared to the control. This, together with the reduced specific growth rate in cells under osmotic stress, suggests that more energy was channelled into the biosynthetic pathway of Ig production. © 1994.
Source Title: Journal of Biotechnology
ISSN: 01681656
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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