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Title: Bioelectrochemical treatment of acid mine drainage dominated with iron
Authors: Lefebvre, O. 
Neculita, C.M.
Yue, X.
Ng, H.Y. 
Keywords: Acid mine drainage
Bioelectrochemical treatment
Iron oxy(hydroxi)des
Microbial fuel cell
Issue Date: 30-Nov-2012
Citation: Lefebvre, O., Neculita, C.M., Yue, X., Ng, H.Y. (2012-11-30). Bioelectrochemical treatment of acid mine drainage dominated with iron. Journal of Hazardous Materials 241-242 : 411-417. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Treatment of acid mine drainage (AMD) dominated with iron (Fe), the most common metal, is a long-term expensive commitment, the goal of which is to increase the pH and remove Fe. In the present study, a proton exchange membrane microbial fuel cell (MFC) showed promise for the efficient treatment of an AMD dominated with ferric iron (pH 2.4±0.1; 500mgL-1 Fe3+). Briefly, Fe3+ was reduced to Fe2+ at the cathode of the MFC, followed by Fe2+ re-oxidation and precipitation as oxy(hydroxi)des. Oxygen reduction and cation transfer to the cathode of the MFC further caused a rise in pH. A linear relationship was observed between the charge transferred in the MFC and the performance of the system up to 880C. Optimal conditions were found at a charge of 662C, achieved within 7 d at an acetate concentration of 1.6gL-1 in a membrane MFC. This caused the pH to rise to 7.9 and resulted in a Fe removal of 99%. Treated effluent met the pH discharge limits of 6.5-9. The maximum power generation achieved under these conditions averaged 8.6±2.3Wm-3, which could help reduce the costs of full-scale bioelectrochemical treatment of AMD dominated with Fe. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Journal of Hazardous Materials
ISSN: 03043894
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.09.062
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