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Title: Dual-layer hollow carbon fiber membranes for gas separation consisting of carbon and mixed matrix layers
Authors: Jiang, L.Y. 
Chung, T.-S. 
Rajagopalan, R. 
Issue Date: Jan-2007
Citation: Jiang, L.Y., Chung, T.-S., Rajagopalan, R. (2007-01). Dual-layer hollow carbon fiber membranes for gas separation consisting of carbon and mixed matrix layers. Carbon 45 (1) : 166-172. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Hollow carbon fiber membranes for gas separation have been successfully fabricated for the first time by a special type of precursor. This precursor is dual-layer hollow fiber composed of a polysulfone-beta zeolite (PSF-beta) mixed matrix outer layer and a Matrimid inner layer. Pure gas permeation measurements show that the resultant hollow carbon fiber has O2/N2 and CO2/CH4 selectivities of 9.3 and 150, respectively; this performance is much better than that of the hollow carbon fiber derived from single-layer Matrimid hollow fiber. Mixed gas measurements show the CO2/CH4 selectivity of 128. After pyrolysis, the PSF-beta layer in the dual-layer precursor evolves into a continuous structure of closely packed zeolite particles embedded in the PSF carbon residue. TGA spectra suggest that the possible reason for the above observation is that the PSF-beta outer layer and Matrimid inner layer has significantly changed each other's pyrolysis dynamics and thermal degradation process. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Carbon
ISSN: 00086223
DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2006.07.008
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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