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Title: Conjugated polyelectrolyte based fluorescence turn-on assay for real-time monitoring of protease activity
Authors: Wang, Y.
Zhang, Y. 
Liu, B. 
Issue Date: 15-Oct-2010
Citation: Wang, Y., Zhang, Y., Liu, B. (2010-10-15). Conjugated polyelectrolyte based fluorescence turn-on assay for real-time monitoring of protease activity. Analytical Chemistry 82 (20) : 8604-8610. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A fluorescence "turn-on" assay for monitoring protease activity is developed on the basis of a water-soluble carboxylated polyfluorene derivative, PFP-CO2Na, and its different fluorescence response toward cytochrome c (cyt c) and its fragments. PFP-CO2Na is synthesized via Suzuki coupling polymerization between 2,7-dibromo-9,9-bis(3′-tert-butyl propanoate)fluorene and 1,4-bis(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl) benzene, followed by treatment with trifluoroacetic acid and Na 2CO3. The fluorescence of PFP-CO2Na can be significantly quenched by cyt c due to complexation-mediated electron transfer between the polymer and protein. Using the complex of PFP-CO2Na/cyt c as a substrate, a real-time fluorescence turn-on assay for trypsin activity study has been developed. Addition of trypsin to the substrate solution induces gradual recovery of the fluorescence intensity for PFP-CO2Na due to trypsin-catalyzed hydrolysis of cyt c, which dissociates the heme moiety from the polymer vicinity. The time-dependent fluorescence intensity increase of PFP-CO2Na in the presence of trypsin allows us to derive the initial reaction rates and kcat/Km (5350 M-1 s -1) for trypsin-catalyzed hydrolysis. Addition of trypsin inhibitor efficiently inhibits trypsin-catalyzed hydrolysis reaction of cyt c, which leads to a decreased fluorescence turn-on response of PFP-CO2Na. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Analytical Chemistry
ISSN: 00032700
DOI: 10.1021/ac101695x
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