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Title: Characterization of Taylor vortex flow in a short liquid column
Authors: Deng, R.
Arifin, D.Y. 
Mak, Y.C.
Wang, C.-H. 
Keywords: Complex fluids
Computational fluid dynamics
Fluid mechanics
Mathematical modeling
Issue Date: Dec-2009
Citation: Deng, R., Arifin, D.Y., Mak, Y.C., Wang, C.-H. (2009-12). Characterization of Taylor vortex flow in a short liquid column. AIChE Journal 55 (12) : 3056-3065. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We present a study on Taylor vortex flow in the annulus between a rotating inner cylinder and a stationary outer cylinder, featured with a wide gap (radius ratio is 0.613) and a short column (aspect ratio is 5.17). A particle image velocimetry (PIV) system was used to determine the position, shape, and velocity distribution of the vortices, by which the flow was also confirmed to lie in the nonwavy Taylor vortex regime for all operating conditions explored in this study. Our results suggest that end boundary effects are important, in which the vortex number decreases with decreasing column length. For a system with an aspect ratio of 5.17, six vortices appear in the gap with their position, size, and shape varying at different Reynolds numbers. The fluid velocities show an asymmetric feature with respect to the vortex centers, while the maximum axial and radial velocities increase almost linearly with the increasing reduced Reynolds number (Re - Rec). In addition, computational fluid dynamics study was employed under the same conditions, and its results agree well with the PIV measurements. Overall, this study provides a quantitative understanding of the formation of Taylor vortices in a constrained space. © 2009 American Institute of Chemical Engineers.
Source Title: AIChE Journal
ISSN: 00011541
DOI: 10.1002/aic.11919
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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