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Title: Carbon-Encapsulated F-Doped Li4Ti5O12 as a high rate anode material for Li+ Batteries
Authors: Ma, Y.
Ding, B.
Ji, G.
Lee, J.Y. 
Keywords: ball-in-ball morphology
fluoride doping
high rate
Li+ storage
lithium titanium oxide
Issue Date: 23-Dec-2013
Citation: Ma, Y., Ding, B., Ji, G., Lee, J.Y. (2013-12-23). Carbon-Encapsulated F-Doped Li4Ti5O12 as a high rate anode material for Li+ Batteries. ACS Nano 7 (12) : 10870-10878. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: TiO2 nanoparticles aggregated into a regular ball-in-ball morphology were synthesized by hydrothermal processing and converted to carbon-encapsulated F-doped Li4Ti5O12 (LTO) composites (C-FLTO) by solid state lithiation at high temperatures. Through the careful control of the amount of carbon precursor (d(+)-glucose monohydrate) used in the process, LTO encapsulated with a continuous layer of nanoscale carbon was formed. The carbon encapsulation served a dual function: preserving the ball-in-ball morphology during the transformation from TiO2 to LTO and decreasing the external electron transport resistance. The fluoride doping of LTO not only increased the electron conductivity of LTO through trivalent titanium (Ti3+) generation, but also increased the robustness of the structure to repeated lithiation and delithiation. The best-performing composite, C-FLTO-2, therefore delivered a very satisfying performance for a LTO anode: a high charge capacity of ∼158 mA h g -1 at the 1 C rate with negligible capacity fading for 200 cycles and an extremely high rate performance up to 140 C. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: ACS Nano
ISSN: 19360851
DOI: 10.1021/nn404311x
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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