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Title: Rain-aerosol coupling in the tropical atmosphere of Southeast Asia: Distribution and scavenging ratios of major ionic species
Authors: He, J. 
Balasubramanian, R. 
Keywords: Aerosol composition
Rainwater composition
Scavenging coefficients
Scavenging ratios
Issue Date: Jul-2008
Citation: He, J., Balasubramanian, R. (2008-07). Rain-aerosol coupling in the tropical atmosphere of Southeast Asia: Distribution and scavenging ratios of major ionic species. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry 60 (3) : 205-220. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Both aerosol and rainwater samples were collected and analyzed for ionic species at a coastal site in Southeast Asia over a period of 9 months (January-September 2006) covering different monsoons. In general, the occurrence and distribution of ionic species showed a distinct seasonal variation in response to changes in air mass origins. Real-time physical characterization of aerosol particles during rain events showed changes in particle number distributions which were used to assess particle removal processes associated with precipitation, or scavenging. The mean scavenging coefficients for particles in the range 10-500 nm and 500-10 μm were 7. 0∈×∈10-5∈±∈2. 8∈×∈10-5 s-1 and 1. 9∈×∈10-4∈±∈1. 6∈×∈10-5 s-1, respectively. A critical analysis of the scavenging coefficients obtained from this study suggested that the wet removal of aerosol particles was greatly influenced by rain intensity, and was particle size-dependent as well. The scavenging ratios, another parameter used to characterize particle removal processes by precipitation, for NH4 +, Cl-, SO4 2-, and NO3 - were found to be higher than those of Na +, K+, and Ca2+ of oceanic and crustal origins. This enrichment implied that gaseous species NH3, HCl, and HNO 3 could also be washed out readily. These additional sources of ions in precipitation presumably counter-balanced the dilution effect caused by high total precipitation volume in the marine and tropical area. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Source Title: Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry
ISSN: 01677764
DOI: 10.1007/s10874-008-9118-x
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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