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Title: An algorithm for the kinetics of tire pyrolysis under different heating rates
Authors: Quek, A.
Balasubramanian, R. 
Keywords: Kinetics
Scrap Tire
Thermal lag
Issue Date: 15-Jul-2009
Citation: Quek, A., Balasubramanian, R. (2009-07-15). An algorithm for the kinetics of tire pyrolysis under different heating rates. Journal of Hazardous Materials 166 (1) : 126-132. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Tires exhibit different kinetic behaviors when pyrolyzed under different heating rates. A new algorithm has been developed to investigate pyrolysis behavior of scrap tires. The algorithm includes heat and mass transfer equations to account for the different extents of thermal lag as the tire is heated at different heating rates. The algorithm uses an iterative approach to fit model equations to experimental data to obtain quantitative values of kinetic parameters. These parameters describe the pyrolysis process well, with good agreement (r2 > 0.96) between the model and experimental data when the model is applied to three different brands of automobile tires heated under five different heating rates in a pure nitrogen atmosphere. The model agrees with other researchers' results that frequencies factors increased and time constants decreased with increasing heating rates. The model also shows the change in the behavior of individual tire components when the heating rates are increased above 30 K min-1. This result indicates that heating rates, rather than temperature, can significantly affect pyrolysis reactions. This algorithm is simple in structure and yet accurate in describing tire pyrolysis under a wide range of heating rates (10-50 K min-1). It improves our understanding of the tire pyrolysis process by showing the relationship between the heating rate and the many components in a tire that depolymerize as parallel reactions. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Hazardous Materials
ISSN: 03043894
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.11.034
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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