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Title: Substrate-assisted crystallization and photocatalytic properties of mesoporous TiO2 thin films
Authors: Zhang, Yu. 
Li, J.
Wang, J. 
Issue Date: 13-Jun-2006
Citation: Zhang, Yu., Li, J., Wang, J. (2006-06-13). Substrate-assisted crystallization and photocatalytic properties of mesoporous TiO2 thin films. Chemistry of Materials 18 (12) : 2917-2923. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Highly crystallized mesoporous TiO2 thin films with enhanced photocatalytic activity were synthesized via a substrate-assisted strategy. Three types of substrates, namely, amorphous glass, polycrystalline Pt, and single-crystal Si(111) wafer, were employed to study their effects on the structure of TiO2 films, by using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), a Raman spectrometer, and a UV-vis spectrophotometer. When the substrate was changed from amorphous glass to polycrystalline Pt and then to single-crystal Si(111), a transition in the pore configuration took place from a cubical configuration to cagelike arrays, accompanied by an increase in nanocrystallinity. The observed transitions in pore configuration of mesoporous TiO2 can be accounted for by the differences in nucleation behaviors and surface energy among the substrate systems involved. Mesoporous TiO2 thin films of enhanced nanocrystallinity demonstrate improved photocatalytic activity for degradation of methylene blue (MB) under UV irradiation. They also show photoluminescence at room temperature, which is related to the radiative recombination of excitons. © 2006 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Chemistry of Materials
ISSN: 08974756
DOI: 10.1021/cm060450b
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