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Title: Performance evaluation of pure CBN tools for machining of steel
Authors: Neo, K.S. 
Rahman, M. 
Li, X.P. 
Khoo, H.H.
Sawa, M.
Maeda, Y.
Keywords: Cubic boron nitride (CBN)
Pure CBN
Tool wear
Ultra-precision machining
Issue Date: 22-Sep-2003
Citation: Neo, K.S., Rahman, M., Li, X.P., Khoo, H.H., Sawa, M., Maeda, Y. (2003-09-22). Performance evaluation of pure CBN tools for machining of steel. Journal of Materials Processing Technology 140 (1-3 SPEC.) : 326-331. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Ultra-precision machining is one of the most important machining technologies for the manufacture of precision dies and molds. Typically, single point diamond cutting tools are used to machine molds which are coated with electroless nickel (NiP) for such applications. The high cost of diamond cutters and electroless nickel plating, coupled with problems of pre-mature failure of the coating in service and long lead time are negative factors in this approach. Hence, there is a strong need for the direct ultra-precision machining of mold steel and to develop relevant technologies to address the problem of tool wear. In the machining of alloy steel, cubic boron nitride (CBN) has long been used as an ideal cutting tool material but recently binderless CBN or pure CBN (PCBN) with superior mechanical properties has been developed by Sumitomo Electric Industries in Japan. The objective of this paper is to explore the feasibility of using PCBN tools for direct ultra-precision machining of Stavax, a type of alloy steel from ASSAB. The performance characteristics in terms of surface roughness and tool wear of PCBN (Sumitomo IZ900) and conventional CBN (Sumitomo BN600) under different machining conditions were studied and their results were compared. Based on the experimental results, PCBN has been found to perform better in terms of wear resistance compared to conventional CBN tool. It is also able to achieve near mirror finish of less than 30nm Ra, and hence it appears to be a promising tool for direct cutting of die and mold materials. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Materials Processing Technology
ISSN: 09240136
DOI: 10.1016/S0924-0136(03)00746-5
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