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Title: Numerical evaluation of laminar heat transfer enhancement in nanofluid flow in coiled square tubes
Authors: Sasmito, A.P. 
Kurnia, J.C.
Mujumdar, A.S. 
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: Sasmito, A.P., Kurnia, J.C., Mujumdar, A.S. (2011). Numerical evaluation of laminar heat transfer enhancement in nanofluid flow in coiled square tubes. Nanoscale Research Letters 6 : 1-14. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Convective heat transfer can be enhanced by changing flow geometry and/or by enhancing thermal conductivity of the fluid. This study proposes simultaneous passive heat transfer enhancement by combining the geometry effect utilizing nanofluids inflow in coils. The two nanofluid suspensions examined in this study are: water-Al 2O 3 and water-CuO. The flow behavior and heat transfer performance of these nanofluid suspensions in various configurations of coiled square tubes, e.g., conical spiral, in-plane spiral, and helical spiral, are investigated and compared with those for water flowing in a straight tube. Laminar flow of a Newtonian nanofluid in coils made of square cross section tubes is simulated using computational fluid dynamics (CFD)approach, where the nanofluid properties are treated as functions of particle volumetric concentration and temperature. The results indicate that addition of small amounts of nanoparticles up to 1% improves significantly the heat transfer performance; however, further addition tends to deteriorate heat transfer performance. © 2011 Sasmito et al.
Source Title: Nanoscale Research Letters
ISSN: 19317573
DOI: 10.1186/1556-276X-6-376
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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