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Title: Natural convection in a cavity filled with porous layers on the top and bottom walls
Authors: Chen, X.B. 
Yu, P. 
Sui, Y. 
Winoto, S.H. 
Low, H.T. 
Keywords: Interfacial boundary condition
Natural convection
Porous square cavity
Porous/fluid domains
Stress jump
Issue Date: 2009
Citation: Chen, X.B., Yu, P., Sui, Y., Winoto, S.H., Low, H.T. (2009). Natural convection in a cavity filled with porous layers on the top and bottom walls. Transport in Porous Media 78 (2) : 259-276. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Natural convection in a partially filled porous square cavity is numerically investigated using SIMPLEC method. The Brinkman-Forchheimer extended model was used to govern the flow in the porous medium region. At the porous-fluid interface, the flow boundary condition imposed is a shear stress jump, which includes both the viscous and inertial effects, together with a continuity of normal stress. The thermal boundary condition is continuity of temperature and heat flux. The results are presented with flow configurations and isotherms, local and average Nusselt number along the cold wall for different Darcy numbers from 10-1 to 10-6, porosity values from 0.2 to 0.8, Rayleigh numbers from 103 to 107, and the ratio of porous layer thickness to cavity height from 0 to 0.50. The flow pattern inside the cavity is affected with these parameters and hence the local and global heat transfer. A modified Darcy-Rayleigh number is proposed for the heat convection intensity in porous/fluid filled domains. When its value is less than unit, global heat transfer keeps unchanged. The interfacial stress jump coefficients β1 and β2 were varied from -1 to +1, and their effects on the local and average Nusselt numbers, velocity and temperature profiles in the mid-width of the cavity are investigated. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008.
Source Title: Transport in Porous Media
ISSN: 01693913
DOI: 10.1007/s11242-008-9300-2
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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