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Title: Nanostructured Nb2O5 polymorphs by electrospinning for rechargeable lithium batteries
Authors: Ramakrishna, S. 
Le Viet, A.
Reddy, M.V. 
Jose, R. 
Chowdari, B.V.R.
Issue Date: 14-Jan-2010
Citation: Ramakrishna, S., Le Viet, A., Reddy, M.V., Jose, R., Chowdari, B.V.R. (2010-01-14). Nanostructured Nb2O5 polymorphs by electrospinning for rechargeable lithium batteries. Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114 (1) : 664-671. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Polymorphs of 1D nanostructures of niobium pentoxide (Nb2O 5) are synthesized by electrospinning. Pseudohexagonal (H-Nb 2O5), orthorhombic (O-Nb2O5), and monoclinic (M-Nb2O5) structures of Nb2O 5 are developed in this study by appropriate heat treatment. Morphological, structural, and electrochemical properties of these nanofibrous polymorphs are studied in detail. The H- and O- phases maintain the usual fibrous morphology, whereas the M- phase adopted a distorted nugget structure. These phases are evaluated for their application as cathode for lithium batteries. The M-Nb2O5 exhibits the highest capacity and better capacity retention compared to the other phases. The M-Nb 2O5 delivers a specific capacity of 242(±3) and 218(±3) mAhg-1, cycled at a current of 50 mAg-1 in the voltage range, 1.0-2.6 V versus Li/Li+ at the end of second and 25th cycle, respectively. The electrospun M-Nb2O5 nuggets-based battery performs better than its particle/nanofiber counterpart and could be a cathode material of choice for 2 V due to the commercial viability of the electrospinning process and characteristics of the batteries developed herewith. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Journal of Physical Chemistry C
ISSN: 19327447
DOI: 10.1021/jp9088589
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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