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Title: Instability of Taylor-Couette flow between concentric rotating cylinders
Authors: Dou, H.-S. 
Khoo, B.C. 
Yeo, K.S. 
Keywords: Critical condition
Energy gradient
Energy loss
Rotating cylinders
Taylor-Couette flow
Issue Date: Nov-2008
Citation: Dou, H.-S., Khoo, B.C., Yeo, K.S. (2008-11). Instability of Taylor-Couette flow between concentric rotating cylinders. International Journal of Thermal Sciences 47 (11) : 1422-1435. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The energy gradient theory is used to study the instability of Taylor-Couette flow between concentric rotating cylinders. This theory has been proposed in our previous works. In our previous studies, the energy gradient theory was demonstrated to be applicable for wall-bounded parallel flows. It was found that the critical value of the energy gradient parameter Kmax at turbulent transition is about 370-389 for wall-bounded parallel flows (which include plane Poiseuille flow, pipe Poiseuille flow and plane Couette flow) below which no turbulence occurs. In this paper, the detailed derivation for the calculation of the energy gradient parameter in the flow between concentric rotating cylinders is provided. The calculated results for the critical condition of primary instability (with semi-empirical treatment) are found to be in very good agreement with the experiments in the literature. A possible mechanism of spiral turbulence generation observed for counter-rotation of two cylinders can also be explained using the energy gradient theory. The energy gradient theory can serve to relate the condition of transition in Taylor-Couette flow to that in plane Couette flow. The latter reasonably becomes the limiting case of the former when the radii of cylinders tend to infinity. It is our contention that the energy gradient theory is possibly fairly universal for analysis of flow instability and turbulent transition, and is found valid for both pressure and shear driven flows in parallel and rotating flow configurations. © 2007 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Source Title: International Journal of Thermal Sciences
ISSN: 12900729
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2007.12.012
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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