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Title: Evaluation of the effectiveness of low frequency workpiece vibration in deep-hole micro-EDM drilling of tungsten carbide
Authors: Jahan, M.P.
Wong, Y.S. 
Rahman, M. 
Keywords: High-aspect-ratio micro-holes
Low frequency vibration
Micro-EDM drilling
Vibration effectiveness
Workpiece vibration
Issue Date: Aug-2012
Citation: Jahan, M.P.,Wong, Y.S.,Rahman, M. (2012-08). Evaluation of the effectiveness of low frequency workpiece vibration in deep-hole micro-EDM drilling of tungsten carbide. Journal of Manufacturing Processes 14 (3) : 343-359. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The application of micro-electrical discharge machining (micro-EDM) in deep-hole drilling is still limited due to the difficulty in flushing of debris and unstable machining. Present study introduces a simplistic analytical model to evaluate the effectiveness of low frequency workpiece vibration during the micro-EDM drilling of deep micro-holes. In addition, experimental investigation has been conducted to validate the model by studying the effects of workpiece vibration on machining performance, surface quality and dimensional accuracy of the micro-holes. The effect of vibration frequency and amplitude for three different settings of aspect ratios has been studied experimentally. Moreover, the vibration experiments have been conducted at different levels of gap voltages and capacitances in order to understand the effect of electrical parameters and effectiveness of low-frequency workpiece-vibration at different levels of discharge energies. It has been shown analytically that the effectiveness of low frequency workpiece vibration during micro-EDM drilling can be evaluated by a parameter 'K v' (ratio of maximum acceleration of the vibrating plate in gravitational direction to gravitational acceleration 'g'), which can be determined from the vibration frequency, amplitude and phase angle of the vibrating workpiece. The theoretical model reveals that for K v > 1, the position of debris particles will be above the workpiece; thus can be flushed away from machined zone effectively. The experimental reasons for improved micro-EDM drilling performance at the setting of K v > 1 are found to be the increased effective discharge ratio, reduced short-circuits and improved dielectric flushing. The experimental results also reveal that the low frequency vibration is more effective at the low discharge energy level, thus making it more suitable for micro-EDM. Considering the effect on both the machining characteristics and micro-hole accuracy parameters, vibration frequency of 750 Hz and amplitude of 1.5 μm was found to provide improved performance for the developed vibration device. © 2012 The Society of Manufacturing Engineers.
Source Title: Journal of Manufacturing Processes
ISSN: 15266125
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmapro.2012.07.001
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