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Title: Electrospun-modified nanofibrous scaffolds for the mineralization of osteoblast cells
Authors: Venugopal, J. 
Low, S.
Choon, A.T.
Bharath Kumar, A.
Ramakrishna, S. 
Keywords: Bone regeneration
Electrospun nanofibers
Issue Date: May-2008
Citation: Venugopal, J., Low, S., Choon, A.T., Bharath Kumar, A., Ramakrishna, S. (2008-05). Electrospun-modified nanofibrous scaffolds for the mineralization of osteoblast cells. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A 85 (2) : 408-417. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Biocompatible polycaprolactone (PCL) and hydroxyapatite (HA) were fabricated into nanofibrous scaffolds for the mineralization of osteoblasts in bone tissue engineering. PCL and PCLZHA nanofibrous surface were modified using oxygen plasma treatment and showing 0° contact angle for the adhesion and mineralization of osteoblast cells. The fiber diameter, pore size and porosity of nanofibrous scaffolds were estimated to be 220-625 nm, 3-20 μm, and 87-92% respectively. The ultimate tensile strength of PCL was about 3.37 MPa and PCLZHA was 1.07 MPa to withstand the long term culture of osteoblasts on nanofibrous scaffolds. Human fetal osteoblast cells (hFOB) were cultured on PCL and PCLZHA surface modified and unmodified nanofibrous scaffolds. The osteoblast proliferation rate was significantly (p < 0.001) increased in surface-modified nanofibrous scaffolds. FESEM showed normal phenotypic cell morphology and mineralization occurred in PCLZHA nanofibrous scaffolds, HA acting as a chelating agent for the mineralization of osteoblast to form bone like apatite for bone tissue engineering. EDX and Alizarin Red-S staining indicated mineral Ca2+ and phosphorous deposited on the surface of osteoblast cells. The mineralization was significantly increased in PCLZHA-modified nanofibrous scaffolds and appeared as a mineral nodule synthesized by osteoblasts similar to apatite of the natural bone. The present study indicated that the PCLZHA surface-modified nanofibrous scaffolds are potential for the mineralization of osteoblast for bone tissue engineering. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
ISSN: 15493296
DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.31538
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