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Title: Conversion efficiency versus sensitizer for electrospun TiO2 nanorod electrodes in dye-sensitized solar cells
Authors: Jose, R. 
Kumar, A.
Thavasi, V. 
Ramakrishna, S. 
Issue Date: 22-Oct-2008
Citation: Jose, R., Kumar, A., Thavasi, V., Ramakrishna, S. (2008-10-22). Conversion efficiency versus sensitizer for electrospun TiO2 nanorod electrodes in dye-sensitized solar cells. Nanotechnology 19 (42) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The electrochemical and optical properties of three indoline dyes, namely C35H28N2O2 (D131), C 37H30N2O3S2 (D102), and C42H35N3O4S3 (D149), were studied and compared with that of the N3 dye. D131 has the largest bandgap and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energies compared to the other dyes. A size-dependent variation in the absorptivity of the indoline dyes was observed - the absorptivity increased with increase in the molecular size. The dyes were anchored onto TiO2 nanorods. The TiO2 nanorods were obtained by electrospinning a polymeric solution containing titanium isopropoxide and polyvinylpyrrolidone and subsequent sintering of the as-spun composite fibers. Absorption spectral measurements of the dye-anchored TiO 2 showed blue shifts in the excitonic transition of the indoline dyes, the magnitude of which increased with decrease in the molecular size. Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were fabricated using the indoline dyes, TiO2 nanorods, and iodide/triiodide electrolyte. The D131 dye showed comparable energy conversion efficiency (η) to that of the N3 dye. A systematic change in the short circuit current density (JSC) and η of the indoline DSSCs was observed. The observed variation in J C is most likely originated from the difference in the electronic coupling strengths between the dye and the TiO2. © IOP Publishing Ltd.
Source Title: Nanotechnology
ISSN: 09574484
DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/19/42/424004
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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