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Title: Full RDO-support power-aware CABAC encoder with efficient context access
Authors: Tian, X.
Le, T.M. 
Jiang, X. 
Lian, Y. 
Keywords: Context access
Context-based binary arithmetic coder (CABAC)
Rate-distortion optimization (RDO)
Issue Date: Sep-2009
Citation: Tian, X., Le, T.M., Jiang, X., Lian, Y. (2009-09). Full RDO-support power-aware CABAC encoder with efficient context access. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 19 (9) : 1262-1273. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In this paper, we propose a full-hardware context-based adaptive binary arithmetic coder (CABAC) encoder, which is the entropy coding tool adopted in the main and higher profiles of the video coding standard H.264/AVC. AU CABAC coding features are implemented in hardware (HW), and different coding modes including rate-distortion optimization (RDO) are fully supported. An efficient memory access scheme is also proposed to reduce context RAM access frequency, context RAM size, and operation delay for RDO context state backup and restoration. Constant throughput of 1 bin per cycle is achieved in different coding configurations. The CABAC encoder is physically implemented in 0.13 μ process, and its post-layout simulation can be run at 328 MHz. The chip takes up 1.41 mm2, and dissipates 0.79 mW to support 720p60 HDTV real-time encoding in RDO-off mode. Compared to the state-of-the-art reference design, the most significant advantage of this design is that a full HW implementation of CABAC encoder is proposed, which minimizes the computation on the host processor and data transfer on the system bus. Power consumption is minimal compared to reference designs using the same technology. © 2009 IEEE.
Source Title: IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology
ISSN: 10518215
DOI: 10.1109/TCSVT.2009.2020326
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