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Title: Phase noise filter for interferometric SAR
Authors: Lim, I.
Yeo, T.S. 
Ng, C.S. 
Lu, Y.H. 
Zhang, C.B. 
Issue Date: 1997
Citation: Lim, I.,Yeo, T.S.,Ng, C.S.,Lu, Y.H.,Zhang, C.B. (1997). Phase noise filter for interferometric SAR. International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) 1 : 445-447. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Interferometric phase data acquired using a pair of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sensors, need to be phase unwrapped before useful information can be extracted. This proves to be difficult because measurements tend to be corrupted by additive random phase noise. A common way to reduce random phase noise before phase unwrapping, is to make use of a coherent averaging or mean filter. Unfortunately, noise reduction is achieved at the expense of a loss in spatial resolution. We propose adopting the technique of using local statistics, to adaptively suppress the noise in the wrapped interferometric image. This technique has been applied to multiplicative SAR speckle noise filtering and shown to have good feature retention capabilities. However, because the local statistics (LS) filter is essentially designed for non-directional (non-circular) data, modifications have to be made before it can be applied in the wrapped-phase domain, For this purpose, an angular complement compensation technique is devised and circular variances are used. In instances when the local statistics of the signal can no longer be assumed stationary i.e. dense fringes with spacing in the order of the window size, the non-stationary phase signal is first removed using a two-dimensional multiple-signal classification (MUSIC) algorithm. The result is a noise-filtered wrapped interferogram with retained spatial resolution, independent of the density of the fringes. Quantitative evaluation using synthetic fringe patterns and computed residues, reveals that the noise reduction capabilities of the proposed LS filter is comparable to the mean filter.
Source Title: International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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