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Title: Surface modified nonwoven polysulphone (PSU) fiber mesh by electrospinning: A novel affinity membrane
Authors: Ma, Z. 
Kotaki, M. 
Ramakrishna, S. 
Keywords: Affinity membrane
Fiber membranes
Surface modification
Issue Date: 15-Mar-2006
Citation: Ma, Z., Kotaki, M., Ramakrishna, S. (2006-03-15). Surface modified nonwoven polysulphone (PSU) fiber mesh by electrospinning: A novel affinity membrane. Journal of Membrane Science 272 (1-2) : 179-187. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Nonwoven meshes composed of polysulphone (PSU) ultrafine fibers (diameter 1-2 μm) were fabricated via electrospinning technique and then surface modified towards development of a novel affinity membrane. After the electrospinning, the PSU fiber mesh was heat treated under 188°C to significantly improve the mechanical strength of the fiber mesh. For surface modification, carboxyl groups were introduced onto the PSU fiber surfaces through grafting co-polymerization of methacrylic acid (MAA) initiated by Ce(IV) after an air plasma treatment of the PSU fiber mesh. Toluidine Blue O (TBO), a dye, which can form stable complex with carboxyl groups, was used as a model target molecule to be captured by the PMAA grafted PSU fiber mesh. The adsorption isotherm and rate of the TBO were studied. Further more, the carboxyl groups on the PMAA grafted PSU fiber mesh can be used as coupling sites for immobilization of other protein ligands. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) was chosen as a model protein ligand to be immobilized into the PSU fiber mesh with a capacity of 17 μg/mg. The surface modification processes were verified by XPS and ATR-FRIR spectroscopy. Filtration analysis showed that the nonwoven fibrous membrane has much smaller pressure drop (ΔP = 0.7-1.5 psi) and higher flux compared with conventional micro-filtration membranes. The electrospun PSU fiber mesh developed in this work is a potential candidate material to be used as affinity membranes. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Membrane Science
ISSN: 03767388
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2005.07.038
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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