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Title: Cell separation and transportation between two miscible fluid streams using ultrasound
Authors: Liu, Y.
Hartono, D. 
Lim, K.-M. 
Issue Date: 2-Mar-2012
Citation: Liu, Y., Hartono, D., Lim, K.-M. (2012-03-02). Cell separation and transportation between two miscible fluid streams using ultrasound. Biomicrofluidics 6 (1) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper presents a two-stream microfluidic system for transporting cells or micro-sized particles from one fluid stream to another by acoustophoresis. The two fluid streams, one being the original suspension and the other being the destination fluid, flow parallel to each other in a microchannel. Using a half-wave acoustic standing wave across the channel width, cells or particles with positive acoustic contrast factors are moved to the destination fluid where the pressure nodal line lies. By controlling the relative flow rate of the two fluid streams, the pressure nodal line can be maintained at a specific offset from the fluid interface within the destination fluid. Using this transportation method, particles or cells of different sizes and mechanical properties can be separated. The cells experiencing a larger acoustic radiation force are separated and transported from the original suspension to the destination fluid stream. The other particles or cells experiencing a smaller acoustic radiation force continue flowing in the original solution. Experiments were conducted to demonstrate the effective separation of polystyrene microbeads of different sizes (3 μm and 10 μm) and waterborne parasites (Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium parvum). Diffusion occurs between the two miscible fluids, but it was found to have little effects on the transport and separation process, even when the two fluids have different density and speed of sound. © 2012 American Institute of Physics.
Source Title: Biomicrofluidics
ISSN: 19321058
DOI: 10.1063/1.3671062
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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