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Title: Biocompatibility evaluation of emulsion electrospun nanofibers using osteoblasts for bone tissue engineering
Authors: Tian, L.
Prabhakaran, M.P. 
Ding, X.
Ramakrishna, S. 
Keywords: Calcium deposits
Core-shell nanofibers
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2013
Citation: Tian, L., Prabhakaran, M.P., Ding, X., Ramakrishna, S. (2013-12-01). Biocompatibility evaluation of emulsion electrospun nanofibers using osteoblasts for bone tissue engineering. Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition 24 (17) : 1952-1968. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Emulsion electrospinning is an advanced technique to fabricate core-shell structured nanofibrous scaffolds, with great potential for drug encapsulation. Incorporation of dual factors hydroxyapatite (HA) and laminin, respectively, within the shell and core of nanofibers through emulsion electrospinning might be of advantageous in supporting the adhesion, proliferation, and maturation of cells instead of single factor-encapsulated nanofibers. We fabricated poly(L-lactic acid-co-ε-caprolactone) (PLCL)/hydroxyapaptite (PLCL/HA), PLCL/laminin (PLCL/Lam), and PLCL/hydroxyapatite/laminin (PLCL/HA/Lam) scaffolds with fiber diameter of 388 ± 35, 388 ± 81, and 379 ± 57 nm, respectively, by emulsion electrospinning. The elastic modulus of the prepared scaffolds ranged from 22.7-37.0 MPa. The osteoblast proliferation on PLCL/HA/Lam scaffolds, determined on day 21, was found 10.4% and 12.0% higher than the cell proliferation on PLCL/Lam or PLCL/HA scaffold, respectively. Cell maturation determined on day 14, by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, was significantly higher on PLCL/HA/Lam scaffolds than the ALP activity on PLCL/HA and PLCL/Lam scaffolds (p ≤ 0.05). Results of the energy dispersive X-ray studies carried out on day 28 also showed higher calcium deposition by cells seeded on PLCL/HA/Lam scaffolds. Osteoblasts were found to adhere, proliferate, and mature actively on PLCL/HA/Lam nanofibers with enhanced cell proliferation, ALP activity, bone protein expression, and mineral deposition. Based on the results, we can conclude that laminin and HA individually played roles in osteoblast proliferation and maturation, and the synergistic function of both factors within the novel emulsion electrospun PLCL/HA/Lam nanofibers enhanced the functionality of osteoblasts, confirming their potential application in bone tissue regeneration. © 2013 © 2013 Taylor & Francis.
Source Title: Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition
ISSN: 09205063
DOI: 10.1080/09205063.2013.814096
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