Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:<547
Title: Influence of water exposure on three-body wear of composite restoratives
Authors: Yap, A.U.J. 
Teoh, S.H. 
Tan, K.B. 
Keywords: Abrasion
Three-body wear
Issue Date: 2000
Citation: Yap, A.U.J.,Teoh, S.H.,Tan, K.B. (2000). Influence of water exposure on three-body wear of composite restoratives. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 53 (5) : 547-553. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.<547
Abstract: The objective of this investigation was to study the influence of water exposure on the three-body wear of composite restoratives. A three-body wear instrumentation was used to investigate the wear resistance of five composite restoratives [Silux Plus (SX), Z100 (ZO), Ariston pHc (AR), Surefil (SF) and Tetric Ceram (TC)] with and without exposure to water. An amalgam alloy [Dispersalloy (DA)] was used as control. Ten specimens were made for each material. The specimens were conditioned in artificial saliva at 37°C for 24 h and randomly divided into two groups of 5. The first group was subjected to wear testing immediately after the 24 h conditioning period, while the second group was conditioned in distilled water at 37°C for 7 days prior to wear testing. All materials were wear tested at 15 N contact force against SS304 counter-bodies for 20,000 cycles with millet seed slurry as third-body. Wear depth (μm) was measured using profilometry and results were analyzed by ANOVA/Scheffe's and independent sample t-tests at significance level 0.05. Ranking of wear resistance was as follows: without water exposure: DA > ZO > SF > AR > SX > TC; with water exposure: DA > ZO > SX > SF > AR > TC. Wear factor ranged from 2.20 for ZO to 7.13 for TC without water exposure and from 46.00 for ZO to 143.00 for TC with exposure to water. Exposure to water significantly increased three-body wear for all composite restoratives, but did not affect wear of the amalgam alloy. The effects of water exposure must be considered for the evaluation of wear in all polymeric composite restoratives. (C) 2000 John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research
ISSN: 00219304
DOI: 10.1002/1097-4636(200009)53:5<547
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