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Title: A proposed tool to integrate environmental and economical assessments of products
Authors: Senthil, K.D.
Ong, S.K. 
Nee, A.Y.C. 
Tan, R.B.H. 
Keywords: Eco-costs
Life cycle assessment (LCA)
Life cycle cost analysis (LCCA)
Life cycle costing (LCC)
Life cycle environmental cost analysis (LCECA)
Issue Date: Jan-2003
Citation: Senthil, K.D.,Ong, S.K.,Nee, A.Y.C.,Tan, R.B.H. (2003-01). A proposed tool to integrate environmental and economical assessments of products. Environmental Impact Assessment Review 23 (1) : 51-72. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: An attempt has been made to interpret the outcomes of a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in terms of environmental costs. This attempt ensures the environmental accountability of the products while LCA ensures their eco-friendly nature. Keeping this as an objective, a Life Cycle Environmental Cost Analysis (LCECA) model was developed. This new tool incorporates costing into the LCA practice. This model prescribes a life cycle environmental cost model to estimate and correlate the effects of these costs in all the life cycle stages of the product. The newly developed categories of eco-costs are: costs of effluent treatment/control/disposal, environmental management systems, eco-taxes, rehabilitation, energy and savings of recycling and reuse strategies. The mathematical model of LCECA determines quantitative expressions between the total cost of products and the various eco-costs. The eco-costs of the alternatives are compared with the computational LCECA model. This method enables the environmental as well as the economic assessment of products, which leads to cost-effective, eco-friendly design of products. © 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Environmental Impact Assessment Review
ISSN: 01959255
DOI: 10.1016/S0195-9255(02)00032-X
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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