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Title: Soft-start polymerization: influence on effectiveness of cure and post-gel shrinkage.
Authors: Yap, A.U. 
Ng, S.C.
Siow, K.S. 
Issue Date: May-2001
Citation: Yap, A.U.,Ng, S.C.,Siow, K.S. (2001-05). Soft-start polymerization: influence on effectiveness of cure and post-gel shrinkage.. Operative dentistry 26 (3) : 260-266. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This study investigated the influence of soft-start polymerization on the effectiveness of cure and post-gel shrinkage of a visible light cured resin composite (Z100). Three cure modes (LH-high intensity; LA-soft-start polymerization involving step-wise modulation of light intensity and LL-low intensity) of a commercial light-cure unit (Kavo PolyLUX II) were examined and compared to another light-cure unit (Spectrum). The effectiveness of cure with the different cure modes was assessed by computing the hardness gradient between top and bottom surfaces of 2 mm composites specimens after different light exposure times. A strain-monitoring device was used to measure the linear polymerization shrinkage associated with the different cure modes and exposure times over 180 minutes. A sample size of five was used for both experiments. Data was analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Scheffe's post-hoc test at significance level 0.05. Results showed that effectiveness of cure generally increased with increase cure time. Although modulation of light energy intensity (LA 40/80 seconds) resulted in lower polymerization shrinkage compared to LH 40 seconds, no significant difference was observed between these three cure regimes. Curing with the Spectrum curing light resulted in the lowest polymerization shrinkage.
Source Title: Operative dentistry
ISSN: 03617734
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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