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Title: Aligned hybrid silk scaffold for enhanced differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into ligament fibroblasts
Authors: Teh, T.K.H. 
Toh, S.-L. 
Goh, J.C.H. 
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2011
Citation: Teh, T.K.H., Toh, S.-L., Goh, J.C.H. (2011-06-01). Aligned hybrid silk scaffold for enhanced differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into ligament fibroblasts. Tissue Engineering - Part C: Methods 17 (6) : 687-703. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The concept of contact guidance utilizes the phenomenon of anchorage dependence of cells on the topography of seeded surfaces. It has been shown in previous studies that cells were guided to align along the topographical alignment of the seeding substrate and produced enhanced amounts of oriented extracellular matrix (ECM). In this study, we aimed to apply this concept to a three-dimensional full silk fibroin (SF) hybrid scaffold system, which comprised of knitted SF and aligned SF electrospun fibers (SFEFs), for ligament tissue engineering applications. Specifically, knitted SF, which contributed to the mechanical robustness of the system, was integrated with highly aligned SFEF mesh, which acted as the initial ECM to provide environmental cues for positive cellular response. Mesenchymal stem cells seeded on the aligned hybrid scaffolds were shown to be proliferative and aligned along the integrated aligned SFEF, forming oriented spindle-shaped morphology and produced an aligned ECM network. Expression and production of ligament-related proteins were also increased as compared to hybrid SF scaffolds with randomly arranged SFEFs, indicating differentiative cues for ligament fibroblasts present in the aligned hybrid SF scaffolds. Consequently, the tensile properties of cultured aligned constructs were significantly improved and superior to the counterpart with randomly arranged SFEF. These results thus show that the aligned hybrid scaffold system is promising for enhancing cell proliferation, differentiation, and function for ligament tissue engineering applications. © 2011 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Source Title: Tissue Engineering - Part C: Methods
ISSN: 19373384
DOI: 10.1089/ten.tec.2010.0513
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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