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Title: A novel Galerkin-like weakform and a superconvergent alpha finite element method (SαFEM) for mechanics problems using triangular meshes
Authors: Liu, G.R. 
Nguyen-Xuan, H.
Nguyen-Thoi, T.
Xu, X. 
Keywords: Alpha finite element method (αFEM)
Finite element method (FEM)
Meshfree methods
Node-based smoothed finite element method (NS-FEM)
Numerical methods
Solution bounds
Strain construction methods
Issue Date: 20-Jun-2009
Citation: Liu, G.R., Nguyen-Xuan, H., Nguyen-Thoi, T., Xu, X. (2009-06-20). A novel Galerkin-like weakform and a superconvergent alpha finite element method (SαFEM) for mechanics problems using triangular meshes. Journal of Computational Physics 228 (11) : 4055-4087. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A carefully designed procedure is presented to modify the piecewise constant strain field of linear triangular FEM models, and to reconstruct a strain field with an adjustable parameter α. A novel Galerkin-like weakform derived from the Hellinger-Reissner variational principle is proposed for establishing the discretized system equations. The new weak form is very simple, possesses the same good properties of the standard Galerkin weakform, and works particularly well for strain construction methods. A superconvergent alpha finite element method (SαFEM) is then formulated by using the constructed strain field and the Galerkin-like weakform for solid mechanics problems. The implementation of the SαFEM is straightforward and no additional parameters are used. We prove theoretically and show numerically that the SαFEM always achieves more accurate and higher convergence rate than the standard FEM of triangular elements (T3) and even more accurate than the four-node quadrilateral elements (Q4) when the same sets of nodes are used. The SαFEM can always produce both lower and upper bounds to the exact solution in the energy norm for all elasticity problems by properly choosing an α. In addition, a preferable-α approach has also been devised to produce very accurate solutions for both displacement and energy norms and a superconvergent rate in the energy error norm. Furthermore, a model-based selective scheme is proposed to formulate a combined SαFEM/NS-FEM model that handily overcomes the volumetric locking problems. Intensive numerical studies including singularity problems have been conducted to confirm the theory and properties of the SαFEM. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Computational Physics
ISSN: 00219991
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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