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Title: A multiresolution segmentation technique for spine MRI images
Authors: Li, H.
Yan, C.H. 
Ong, S.H. 
Chui, C.K. 
Teoh, S.H. 
Keywords: Fuzzy c-means clustering
Image segmentation
Multiresolution analysis
Wavelet transform
Issue Date: 2002
Citation: Li, H., Yan, C.H., Ong, S.H., Chui, C.K., Teoh, S.H. (2002). A multiresolution segmentation technique for spine MRI images. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 4684 III : 1709-1717. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In this paper, we describe a hybrid method for segmentation of spinal magnetic resonance imaging that has been developed based on the natural phenomenon of "stones appearing as water recedes". The candidate segmentation region corresponds to the "stones" with characteristics similar to that of intensity extrema, edges, intensity ridge and grey-level blobs. The segmentation method is implemented based on a combination of wavelet multiresolution decomposition and fuzzy clustering. First thresholding is performed dynamically according to local characteristic to detect possible target areas, We then use fuzzy c-means clustering in concert with wavelet multiscale edge detection to identify the maximum likelihood anatomical and functional target areas. Fuzzy C-Means uses iterative optimization of an objective function based on a weighted similarity measure between the pixels in the image and each of c cluster centers. Local extrema of this objective function are indicative of an optimal clustering of the input data. The multiscale edges can be detected and characterized from local maxima of the modulus of the wavelet transform while the noise can be reduced to some extent by enacting thresholds. The method provides an efficient and robust algorithm for spinal image segmentation. Examples are presented to demonstrate the efficiency of the technique on some spinal MRI images.
Source Title: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN: 0277786X
DOI: 10.1117/12.467141
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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