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Title: Luminescence studies of CdS spherical particles via hydrothermal synthesis
Authors: Xu, G.Q. 
Liu, B.
Xu, S.J. 
Chew, C.H. 
Chua, S.J. 
Gana, L.M.
Issue Date: Jun-2000
Citation: Xu, G.Q., Liu, B., Xu, S.J., Chew, C.H., Chua, S.J., Gana, L.M. (2000-06). Luminescence studies of CdS spherical particles via hydrothermal synthesis. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids 61 (6) : 829-836. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The spherical particles of CdS consisting of nanoparticles (approx. 100 nm) were synthesized by a hydrothermal process. The particle formation and growth depend on the rate of sulfide-ion generation and diffusion-controlled aggregation of nanoparticles. As demonstrated in the profiles of powder X-ray diffraction, the crystalline phases are governed by the reaction temperature. Photoluminescence studies on CdS particles show two emission bands at the room temperature. The red emission at 680 nm is due to sulfur vacancies, and a new infrared red (IR) emission at 760 nm is attributed to self-activated centers. A red shift of IR band with the decrease of temperature was explained with a configurational coordinate model. The different saturation limits for the red and IR bands are discussed in terms of the formation of donor-acceptor pairs and exciton in CdS particles.
Source Title: Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids
ISSN: 00223697
DOI: 10.1016/S0022-3697(99)00403-5
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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