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Title: Testing the myth of the encoding-retrieval match
Authors: Goh, W.D. 
Lu, S.H.X.
Keywords: Cue overload
Cued recall
Encoding specificity
Encoding-retrieval match
Issue Date: Jan-2012
Citation: Goh, W.D., Lu, S.H.X. (2012-01). Testing the myth of the encoding-retrieval match. Memory and Cognition 40 (1) : 28-39. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The view that successful memory performance depends importantly on the extent to which there is a match between the encoding and retrieval conditions is commonplace in memory research. However, Nairne (Memory, 10, 389-395, 2002) proposed that this idea about trace-cue compatibility being the driving force behind memory retention is a myth, because one cannot make unequivocal predictions about performance by appealing to the encoding-retrieval match. What matters instead is the relative diagnostic value of the match, and not the absolute match. Three experiments were carried out in which participants memorised word pairs and tried to recall target words when given retrieval cues. The diagnostic value of the cue was varied by manipulating the extent to which the cues subsumed other memorised words and the level of the encoding-retrieval match. The results supported Nairne's (Memory, 10, 389-395, 2002) assertion that the diagnostic value of retrieval cues is a better predictor of memory performance than the absolute encoding-retrieval match. © 2011 Psychonomic Society, Inc.
Source Title: Memory and Cognition
ISSN: 0090502X
DOI: 10.3758/s13421-011-0133-9
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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