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Title: Physicomechanical evaluation of low-shrinkage dental nanocomposites based on silsesquioxane cores
Authors: Soh, M.S.
Yap, A.U.J. 
Sellinger, A.
Keywords: Copolymers
Mechanical properties
Polymerization shrinkage
Issue Date: 2007
Citation: Soh, M.S., Yap, A.U.J., Sellinger, A. (2007). Physicomechanical evaluation of low-shrinkage dental nanocomposites based on silsesquioxane cores. European Journal of Oral Sciences 115 (3) : 230-238. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This study aimed to determine the modulus, hardness, and polymerization shrinkage of novel silsesquioxane (SSQ)-based nanocomposites synthesized for dental applications. Four novel SSQ materials were developed and mixed with control monomers in 5, 10, 20, and 50 wt% SSQ nanocomposite ratios and were evaluated for use as potential low-shrinkage composite restoratives. The postgel polymerization shrinkage of the hybrid materials was then investigated and compared with unfilled 1 : 1 (control) bisphenol A glycerolate (1 glycerol/phenol) dimethacrylate/tri(ethylene glycol) dimethacrylate (Bis-GMA/TEGDMA) materials using a strain-monitoring device and test configuration. Mechanical properties, such as hardness and modulus, were determined using the depth-sensing microindentation approach. All samples investigated were polymerized using a dental light-curing unit (BISCO VIP) at 500 mW cm-2 for 40 s. The results obtained were analyzed using analysis of variance/Scheffe's posthoc test at a significance level of 0.05. At 60 min postlight polymerization, postgel shrinkage associated with the control was found to be significantly higher than for all control/SSQ mixtures. Hardness and modulus were found to decrease with increased amount of SSQ monomers added, indicating that the incorporation of SSQ monomers into the control generally helps to reduce both the rigidity and the polymerization shrinkage. Therefore, in the correct formulation, SSQ materials have great potential to be used as low-shrinkage composite restoratives. © 2007 Eur J Oral Sci.
Source Title: European Journal of Oral Sciences
ISSN: 09098836
DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0722.2007.00449.x
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