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|Cephalometric ideals in Chinese, Malay and Indian ethnic groups.
|Lew, K.K. (1994). Cephalometric ideals in Chinese, Malay and Indian ethnic groups.. Asian journal of aesthetic dentistry / the Asian Academy of Aesthetic Dentistry 2 (1) : 35-38. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
|Cephalometric data from 105 female subjects (35 Chinese, 35 Malay and 35 Indian) with good occlusion and aesthetic pleasing facial profiles (determined by a trained clinician and endorsed by the lay public) were analysed using the Steiner analysis. Statistical analysis of the data showed that while the cephalometric ideals of the Chinese and the Malay ethnic groups were rather similar, cephalometric differences existed between the Chinese and Indians as well as the Malays and Indians. Compared to the Chinese and Malays, the Indians appeared to have less prognathic mandibles and maxillae, less protrusive and proclined upper and lower incisors and also less protrusive upper and lower lips. These differences demonstrate intrinsic ethnic differences and emphasize the need to treat patients of different ethnic groups using cephalometric norms which are peculiar to their own group.
|Asian journal of aesthetic dentistry / the Asian Academy of Aesthetic Dentistry
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