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Title: Actinomyces spp. in supragingival plaque of ethnic Chinese preschool children with and without active dental caries
Authors: Tang, G.
Yip, H.K.
Samaranayake, L.P.
Luo, G.
Lo, E.C.M.
Teo, C.S. 
Keywords: Actinomyces
Chinese preschool children
Dental caries
South-East Asia
Southern hybridization
Supragingival plaque
Issue Date: 2003
Citation: Tang, G., Yip, H.K., Samaranayake, L.P., Luo, G., Lo, E.C.M., Teo, C.S. (2003). Actinomyces spp. in supragingival plaque of ethnic Chinese preschool children with and without active dental caries. Caries Research 37 (5) : 381-390. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Very limited molecular epidemiological data are available on the role of Actinomyces spp. in the pathogenesis of caries in the primary dentition. Therefore, we investigated their distribution in supragingival plaque of ethnic Chinese preschool children from Singapore and Hong Kong, either with or without active caries. Plaque samples were taken from intact interproximal enamel areas using dental floss. Bacterial genomic DNA of each sample was extracted and variable regions of 16S ribosomal DNA amplified and labelled with digoxigenin. Oligonucleotide probes specific for Actinomyces bovis, Actinomyces gerencseriae, Actinomyces israelii, Actinomyces meyeri, Actinomyces odontolyticus, catalase-negative Actinomyces naeslundii (genospecies 1 and 2) and catalase-positive Actinomyces naeslundii genospecies 2 (previously Actinomyces viscosus serotype II) were used to detect these species using Southern hybridization with a Minislot and Miniblotter system. A. odontolyticus, A. gerencseriae and A. meyeri were detected with similar frequency in both Singapore and Hong Kong samples or in those with and without active caries. However, the prevalence of A. naeslundii was significantly different in the two locales (p < 0.05). A. odontolyticus (88.7%), A. gerencseriae (56.6%) and A. naeslundii (50.9%) were detected in a majority of the samples and the positive hybridization signals of A. gerencseriae in the caries-active group were stronger than from the caries-free group. A. bovis and A. israelii were undetectable in any of the samples. These data imply that A. odontolyticus, A. naeslundii and A. gerencseriae may play an important role in supragingival plaque formation on primary teeth in ethnic Chinese, with others such as A. meyeri contributing. Copyright © 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Source Title: Caries Research
ISSN: 00086568
DOI: 10.1159/000072172
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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